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Echo BachelorClass

Fluid management

Chapter 13
Presenters: Univ. Prof. Dr. Thomas Binder; Bruno Mora - MD Italy
1 credit

What you will learn

- The usefulness of echo to understand physiology; - Assessing volume status by transesophageal echo (TEE); - Frank Starling’s curve and volume status; - Inferior vena cava (IVC) and respiratory/ventilation variations; - IVC: distensibility and collapsibility indexes; - Right atrial pressure estimation; - Fluid responsiveness and left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic area/diameter; - LVOT-VTI and respiratory variations; - Eye-balling the filling status of the ventricles; - LV filling in right ventricular overload; - Assessing volume status by transthoracic echo (TTE); - Recognizing a SAM phenomenon; - IVC and volume status; - Recognizing hypervolemia and elevated LV filling pressures;

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Case stories

The Empty Heart


An unusual additional finding in this patient was that his left ventricular function was also poor - something one wouldn't expect in a right heart pathology.

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Turn Lights On


Echocardiography is usually performed in the dark, but sometimes it makes sense to turn the lights on.

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